ERIC Number: ED541508
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1921
Reference Count: 0
State Laws and Regulations Governing Teachers Certificates. Bulletin, 1921, No. 22
Cook, Katherine M.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
This study is intended to present information as complete as possible concerning the laws and regulations which govern the issue of teachers' certificates in the United States in so far as they are regulated by State legislation or State administrative departments. Licenses to teach issued by city boards in accordance with regulations prescribed by them are excluded from this study; all other licenses to teach in the public schools of the United States are included. Diplomas or certified statements of educational institutions which have the force of licenses to teach and such city certificates as are issued according to regulations set forth in the acts of State legislatures concerning other certificate, or in rules of State boards of education are included. It is not considered within the scope of this study to analyze the laws relating to city certificates or to set forth the regulations prescribed by city boards of education. nor is it possible to analyze the regulations governing courses leading, to preparation for teaching given by the various institutions or approved by certificating boards or the methods pursued in examining teachers for certification in the different States. The former are given when prescribed by hours and subjects in the law itself or in regulations of the State boards prepared for distribution. As in other cases they are merely referred to as institutions. or courses by the State department. Examinations are described by subjects and grades usually, or so as to conform with the methods used in the laws or regulations. The method used to present principal regulations and summary tables follows, in part, that used by the Bureau of Education in previous studies. The last one was made in Bulletin No. 18, 1911. This course is followed in order to facilitate comparison by persons interested in the evolution of legal certification in the United States as well as to present the present status of certification. The four fundamental purposes of the study are: (1) To furnish information concerning legal provisions governing the issuance of certificates to teach in all the States; (2) to furnish data for comparison among States and facilitate recognition of certificates in cases in which similar or equivalent qualifications are demanded; (3) to point out the trend in progressive legislation concerning teachers' certificates and promote standardization for the United States; and (4) to facilitate study and comparison of the standards set up by the several States. An index, and 42 general references are included. (Contains 20 tables. ) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Educational History, Teacher Certification, Educational Legislation, State Regulation, State Policy, Educational Policy, Public School Teachers, Urban Schools, State Legislation, State Boards of Education, Comparative Education, Standards, Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Education Curriculum, Teacher Education Programs, Educational Trends, Fees, Public Agencies, Teacher Discipline, Classification, Selection Criteria, Teacher Selection, Counties, Preschool Teachers, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Junior High Schools; Kindergarten; Preschool Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)