ERIC Number: ED541278
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1919
Reference Count: N/A
Modern Education in China. Bulletin, 1919, No. 44
Edmunds, Charles K.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
The Chinese conception of life's values is so different from that of western peoples that they have failed to develop modern technique and scientific knowledge. Now that they have come to see the value of these, rapid and fundamental changes are taking place. When modern scientific knowledge is added to the skill which the Chinese already have in agriculture, commerce, industry, government, and military affairs, results will be achieved which will astonish, the western world. Religion, government, and reverence for antiquity have been the dominant influences in shaping the course of Chinese education. Confucianism, Buddhism, Taoism, and for the last century Christianity, have directly and considerably influenced the development of the educational system. Unfamiliarity with the law of progress has led to undue respect for the ancient sages and has prevented radical reforms until they were imposed by the necessities of modern intercourse with the rest of the world. While the Chinese have been highly conservative, and their educational system has reflected this, their conservatism has its limits. Slow in making a departure, once the truth strikes home and its practicability is demonstrated, they do not hesitate at radical changes, nor are they discouraged by difficulties and obstructions. The people of China have long been democratic in spirit and so has been their educational system. To develop the individual into a man of virtue and culture and to secure social control through raising up leaders with ability and character to influence the lives of others have been the main motives of Chinese education throughout many centuries, and may well continue. Even with altered content of the curricula, China today is more in need of true men than she is of merely modern methods. Contained in the table of contents are the following: (1) The Change from the Old to the New; (2) The Present Status of Government Education; (3) Educational Needs Affected by Internal Condition and International Situation; (4) Causes of Backwardness; and (5) Mission Schools. Appended are: (1) Canton Christian College; (2) Peking Union Medical College; (3) Missionary Education in China; and (4) China's Educational Progress.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Social Control, Educational Needs, Asian Culture, Religion, Educational History, Social Influences, Politics of Education, Colleges, Public Education, Government Role
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: China