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ERIC Number: ED541232
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1919
Pages: 26
Abstractor: ERIC
Educational Changes in Russia. Bulletin, 1919, No. 37
Bach, Theresa
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
In the press reports bearing upon conditions in Russia since the outbreak or the revolution in March, 1917, little mention has been made of the tremendous changes that have shaken the entire educational system in that country. One needs only read "Vyestnik Vremennavo Pravitelstva" ("Messenger of the Provisional Government"), Russia's official gazette for the publication of the acts and decrees promulgated by the various ministries and other administrative bodies since the revolution, to become impressed with the deep and far-reaching reforms that have uprooted the entire system of the old education built on principles of autocracy and the privileges of the few. A school system of such a type could not exist in a country striving for democracy. This was realized by the Provisional Government headed by Prince Lvov and later on by Alexander Kerenski. To eradicate the evils of that system, to throw the schools open to the humble and the poor, to establish "a single absolutely secular school for all citizens," was the task at which the new authorities set to work. This bulletin attempts to indicate the outstanding features of the new laws and regulations since the early days of the revolution. Unfortunately because the scarcity of material it is impossible to tell at present how far the acts and decrees promulgated by the various authorities and outlined in this report have been actually carried out. Nor it is possible to state with any degree of accuracy the educational changes that have taken place in Russia since the overthrow of Kerenski and the establishment of the Lenin-Trotski regime. For lack of information this report closes, therefore, with the early months of the Bolshevist rule. Contents include: (1) Introduction: Historical development; (2) Secularization of schools; (3) Administration of schools: Provisional Government; Bolshevik regime; (4) Parents' associations; (5) Abolition of restrictions: National and religious groups; Private Instruction; (6) Educational ladder; (7) Teachers' training institutions; (8) Reform in spelling; (9) New textbooks and other publications; (10) Higher education: New universities and faculties; (11) Technical education; and (12) Adult education. (Contains 30 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Russia