ERIC Number: ED541140
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1919
Reference Count: N/A
A Half-Time Mill School. Bulletin, 1919, No. 6
Foght, H. W.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
Until a few years ago the Southern States were considered in the main an agricultural section. More recently the advantageous location in respect to raw materials, minerals, water, and electric power of the South Atlantic States has occasioned an almost unprecedented growth in manufacturing industries. Particularly has the cotton manufacturing industry made great progress. In the early seventies there were few cotton mills in the South, and the raw materials were shipped to Massachusetts and other New England States for manufacture. In 1916, however, South Carolina ranked next to Massachusetts in the number of spindles in use, then totaling 4,743,193, or 14.2 per cent of the entire number of spindles turning in the Nation. North Carolina, in the same year, ranked third with 12.2 per cent of the total number of spindles in the country. These figures are enumerated here because they emphasize the important place cotton spinning has taken in the South--particularly so in North and South Carolina--and the many complex problems that this rapid change from soil tilling to industrial life has forced upon the public. The mill operatives are, with few exceptions, poor and have large families. Many of the adults among them are illiterate and have a very limited outlook in life. Most of them are obliged to go into the mills at an age when other children are in school or spending their time in the out-of-doors at play. Women work in the mills in almost as large members as the men. Many married women who yet have children in arms spend most of the daytime at the spindles or at the looms. This raises the serious question as to what to do with the children who are left all day long largely to shift for themselves. Child labor conditions also have added to the seriousness of the problems confronting the mill community. This bulletin discusses that some southern mill schools are maintained as regular public schools, drawing State and local aid through public taxation, and are regularly supervised by State and local officials. Contents include: (1) The southern mill problem in general; (2) The Textile Industrial Institute; and (3) Summary and conclusions. (Contains 1 footnote and 6 plates.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Manufacturing Industry, Child Labor, Labor Conditions, Finishing, Textiles Instruction, Social Problems, Social Indicators, Social Change, Social Differences, Economic Change, Economic Impact, Industrialization, Socioeconomic Influences, Institutes (Training Programs), Work Environment, Educational Facilities, Regional Characteristics, Regional Planning, Economic Development, Economic Progress
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts; North Carolina; South Carolina