ERIC Number: ED540805
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1917
Reference Count: N/A
Educative and Economic Possibilities of School-Directed Home Gardening in Richmond Indiana. Bulletin, 1917, No. 6
Randall, J. L.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
The purpose of this study was to collect facts and figures on the cost of vegetable foods to city families, the possibilities of raising much of this food in the city, and the educational value of garden training to the people, especially the children, of the city of Richmond, Indiana. Although located in the center of a farming region, the prices paid for vegetables are comparatively high. Prices are standardized by present methods of selling. Considering the low average labor income, the amount spent for vegetable foods is large, averaging $138.87 for a family of five persons. About 30 per cent of the families have home or vacant-lot vegetable gardens, but the methods of planting and cultivation are not intensive, and the money value of the product is small. Of all the houses in the city, less than 10 per cent lack space on which to make a practical kitchen garden; 30 per cent have enough land to produce all the vegetables for the family during the productive season of the garden; and in 60 per cent there is enough to produce fresh and canned vegetables and berries for the entire year, and, in many cases, to have a surplus to sell. In several cities where home gardening was conducted under the direction of the public schools the children were able to produce a net profit of 10 cents per square foot. The children of the nine elementary schools of Richmond should be able, on the basis of the number of square feet reported, to earn from their gardens a total of $62, 820, or an average per child of $70.66. The home-garden income from the 516 reporting from the Garfield school would be $34,740, or an average per child of $67.32. A thorough and practical garden training would have great economic and educational value to all of the people of the city. To make the most successful gardens, knowledge and skill are necessary. Profitable gardening may result from years of experience, but the quickest and greatest returns in money and pleasure can be obtained only when experience is combined with scientific study of soil, climate, and crop production. Many people born in the city have little or no knowledge of making practical home gardens, and even those who have lived on farms have little experience in the kind of intensive gardening adapted to the city. The economical and educational value of garden education as a department of the public educational system of the city should reach all of the people. While the garden teachers would devote their attention primarily to the children, they should also act as a source of information and help to all who are interested in gardening. (Contains 3 tables and 9 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Science Education, Costs, Gardening, Family Income, Food, Agricultural Production, Family Environment, Elementary School Students, Soil Science, Climate, Teaching Methods, Learning Experience, Information Sources
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Indiana