ERIC Number: ED540665
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1924
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Tests. Bulletin, 1923, No. 57
Colvin, Stephen S.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
A decade ago intelligence testing was in its beginnings in the United States. There were no standardized tests available except those of the Binet-Simon scale. These tests had been used but little, and chiefly for the detection and classification of the backward and the feeble-minded. Goddard had just begun pioneer work in this field, while Kuhlmann and Huey had added to the scant literature that was just beginning to appear in this country. Altogether the important articles numbered scarce a score. Today all is changed. The programs of the meetings of psychologists devote more space to the discussion of intelligence tests than to any other single topic. When schoolmen and teachers meet, this question claims their attention and interest, and in the schools themselves throughout the country extensive "testing programs," are conducted and the results used for improvement in teaching and administration. The development and standardization of intelligence tests have resulted in four main types--two of which are far administration to individuals and two to groups. These are: (1) The Binet tests and their revisions and additions; (2) The performance tests for individual administration, including the various form-board tests, puzzle tests, picture tests, etc.; (3) The group-intelligence tests of the Army Alpha type--paper and pencil tests for the most part of a linguistic nature; and (4) The group-intelligence tests of the Army Beta type, performance tests reduced to paper and pencil form, for use particularly, though not exclusively, in the examination of little children, illiterates, and non-English-speaking groups. (Contains 16 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Intelligence, Performance Tests, Testing, Standardized Tests, Psychologists, Testing Programs, Test Use, United States History, War, Military Personnel, Test Construction, Test Items
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale