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ERIC Number: ED540633
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe: Tackling Social and Cultural Inequalities. Hungary
Horvath, Attila
The education and care of children is traditionally a family duty in the Hungarian culture. This is especially true for small (under 3 years) children. This is well transcribed into the social-welfare system: the child care allowance is paid for the mother for up to the second birthday of the child. Even after there is another kind of allowance that is available until the 3rd birthday of the child. As a result only 14% of the mothers are employed when their child is 3, and it is only 45% after the 4th birthday of the child. Early childhood education and care in Hungary basically comprises two types of institutions: "bolcsode" (1-3 years) and "ovoda" (3-6 to 7 years). Childcare centres are child minding focused and belong to the health care and welfare system, while "ovoda" are equally educational and child minding organisations. This paper contains the following parts: (1) General approaches; (2) Approaches and objectives in early childhood settings; (3) Staff involved in ECEC provision; (4) Financing; (5) Transition to compulsory education; and (6) Statistics. [For the complete report, see ED539138.]
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Eurydice
Identifiers - Location: Hungary