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ERIC Number: ED540373
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1922
Pages: 57
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
A Program of Education in Accident Prevention, with Methods and Results. Bulletin, 1922, No. 32
Payne, E. George
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
No movement in education in recent years has taken hold of the imagination and emotions of the American business man more effectively than education in accident prevention. This appeal to the business man is perhaps due more than anything else to the fact that when the educator begins to talk of education in terms of saving human lives he is using a language that is comprehensible to the man outside of the profession. Furthermore, the business man has become thoroughly acquainted with the possibilities of educational endeavor in the reduction of accidents in the industry of the country. Early in the twentieth century, employers in the steel industry conceived the idea of the necessity of conserving the lives of their employees and the elimination of deaths and serious injuries to the laborers. They conceived the problem originally as a matter of guarding machinery so that it would be made as nearly as possible accident proof against carelessness on the part of the employees. Those interested in the reduction of accidents in the steel industry soon discovered, however that little progress could be made through mechanical means and changed the emphasis from the introduction of mechanical devices to guard machinery to the instruction of the employees in methods of work that would guard the workers against unnecessary accidents. The upshot of the matter was that the number and seriousness of the accidents decreased in a very marked way. The result of the remarkable reduction of accidents in the steel industry led to the creation, in 1912, of the National Society for the Reduction of Industrial Accidents which later became the National Safety Council. From the time of the organization of the society, its leaders felt that the fundamental way of eliminating accidents was through education and that this education should be carried on in the schools. Many efforts were made to induce educators to undertake safety instruction and some progress was made along this line. Topics covered in this bulletin include: (1) History of education in accident prevention; (2) The need of education in accident prevention; (3) Method of procedure in accident prevention and its jurisdiction; (4) The necessity for analysis of the accident situation in each community as a basis for school instruction; (5) The method of education in accident prevention; and (6) The results of education in accident prevention. A bibliography with reference to its value in assisting the teacher in the method of instruction is included. (Contains 27 tables, 10 footnotes, and 8 figures. )[Best copy available has been provided.]
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)