ERIC Number: ED540234
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1929
Reference Count: 0
Adult Education Activities during the Biennium 1926-1928. Bulletin, 1929, No. 23
Alderman, L. R.
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
There has been increased interest and activity in the field of adult education during the biennium 1926-1928. The term "adult education" is used in so many ways that the question is often asked, "What is adult education?" "Adult education" came into general use in the United States soon after the World War. The shock of the war so aroused men and women that they began to look for a means to prevent such a calamity from ever happening again. It was more clearly seen that a people can not by means of any machinery or form of government exonerate themselves from responsibility for the acts of their Government. When mistakes are made by rulers, the people must suffer the consequences. This concept forces one anew to the conclusion that education of the whole people is most important. Men saw that rank and promotion in any military organization depend much upon education. The war revealed the fact that a very large number of men of military age were unfit for general military assignment due to the lack of ability to read ordinary communications or to convey information by writing. From the National Academy of Sciences came the shocking announcement that about one-fourth of the American Army was not functionally literate. The World War also revealed anew the fact that America is made up of many nationalities; that there were sections of this country which were essentially foreign in language, customs, and ideals. Assimilation had not gone as quickly as it was generally believed. Citizens generally saw that if this country was to enter into any action that required a united people it was necessary to assimilate this large number of foreigners. The demand for instruction for this new population, in order to become fully naturalized, received a great stimulus. The movement was called by the general name of "Americanization." Nearly every large community established classes for preparing the foreign-born for American citizenship by teaching them to read and write English. Native born citizens also began coming to these classes, and thus the term Americanization was no longer appropriate to describe this movement. The term adult education, which has a much broader significance, and was well-known in Europe, gradually came into general usage. Adult education was accepted and became a slogan for continued education, as new organizations were formed to promote various phases of education for adult men and women. [Best copy available has been provided.]
Descriptors: Adult Education, Foreign Countries, War, Citizenship Education, Reading Ability, Immigrants, Educational History, Federal Government, Military Personnel, United States History
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)