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ERIC Number: ED540231
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1929
Pages: 22
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
Changing Conceptions of the School-Building Problem. Bulletin, 1929, No. 20
Barrows, Alice
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior
The topics discussed in this bulletin are those that are significant of new developments in regard to the school-building problem. For example, although elementary and high school buildings are of equal importance, considerable space is given to the evolution of the elementary school building of the city school systems because it represents a wider departure from previous types; for the same reason the school-building survey is discussed at length because this is a comparatively new field in which new methods are constantly being worked out. A survey of the school-building problem during the past few years indicates: (1) The planning and erection of school buildings is becoming a highly technical task which demands the combined knowledge and skill of educators, health specialists, building and landscape architects, heating, ventilating, lighting, and sanitation experts; (2) The modern school building, which has been developed during the past 20 years, represents a radical departure from the school building of previous periods; (3) The school building has had to be changed to meet new educational demands; (4) The findings of the Bureau of Education school-building study of modern school buildings in 84 cities in 33 States, which was made in order to determine to what extent modern facilities such as auditoriums, gymnasiums, and special rooms were being included in new school buildings, showed that of the elementary schools studied 82 per cent had auditoriums, 60 per cent had gymnasiums, 75 per cent had special rooms, and 74 per cent had kindergartens; (5) The planning of the school site, its location, size, provision for playground facilities, gardens, etc., is now of equal importance with the planning of the building; and (6) The tendency to have school-building surveys preliminary to working out school-building programs appears to be one of the well-established techniques in the solution of the school-building problem. Contents of this bulletin include: (1) Evolution of the modern city school building; (2) Results of a survey of school buildings in 90 cities in 33 States; (3) Developing school-building standards; (4) The school site; (5) Methods of conducting school-building surveys; and (6) Summary. (Contains 2 footnotes.) [Best copy available has been provided.]
Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior.
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of the Interior, Bureau of Education (ED)