NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED539480
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 30
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 71
A History of School Design and Its Indoor Environmental Standards, 1900 to Today
Baker, Lindsay
National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities
Public education is one of the central tasks of a democratic society, and the buildings that house this important task not only shape the way one teaches, but provide icons and symbols for the values people hold common as a society. Perhaps unsurprisingly, this context has placed school buildings squarely in a position of debate and innovation since the nation began, and school buildings continue to be the subject of careful study and debate today. Schools are influenced by political and social movements, new technologies and trends, the growing awareness of what makes one learn better and thus the notions of what makes a great school are constantly shifting and adapting to new ideas. This paper provides a brief history of the past century and a half of school design, focusing particularly on the systems that made schools livable and conducive to learning: lighting, heating, cooling, ventilation, and acoustics. (Contains 14 figures.)
National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities. 1090 Vermont Avenue NW Suite 700, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 888-552-0624; Tel: 202-289-7800; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: US Environmental Protection Agency
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities
Identifiers - Location: Australia; United Kingdom; United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990