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ERIC Number: ED539225
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
Pediculosis Management in the School Setting. Position Statement. Revised
Pontius, Deborah; Teskey, Carmen
National Association of School Nurses (NJ1)
It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses that the management of pediculosis (infestation by head lice) should not disrupt the educational process. No disease is associated with head lice, and in-school transmission is considered to be rare. When transmission occurs, it is generally found among younger-age children with increased head-to-head contact (Frankowski & Bocchini, 2010). Children found with live head lice should remain in class, but be discouraged from close direct head contact with others. The school nurse should contact the parents to discuss treating the child at the conclusion of the school day (Frankowski & Bocchini, 2010). Students with nits only should not be excluded from school, although further monitoring for signs of re-infestation is appropriate. It may be appropriate to screen other children who have had close head-to-head contact with a student with an active infestation, such as household family members, but classroom-wide or school-wide screening is not merited (Andresen & McCarthy, 2009). In cases that involve head lice, as in all school health issues, it is vital that the school nurse prevent stigmatizing and maintain the student's privacy as well as the family's right to confidentiality (Gordon, 2007). The school nurse, as a student advocate and nursing expert, should be included in school district-community planning, implementation, and evaluation of vector control programs for the school setting. School nurses are also in a pivotal position to dispel myths and stigmas regarding pediculosis by providing education on the life cycle of the louse, methods of transmission, treatment options and care of the environment to the student's family, school and community at large. (Contains 9 references/resources.) [For the complete report, "Position Statements, Issue Briefs, Resolutions and Consensus Statements. Revised," see ED539227.]
National Association of School Nurses. 8484 Georgia Avenue Suite 420, Silver Spring, MD 20910. Tel: 866-627-6767; Tel: 240-821-1130; Fax: 301-585-1791; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Association of School Nurses