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ERIC Number: ED538907
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
Cognitive Processes of Students Participating in Two Approaches to Technology Education. Research in Engineering and Technology Education
Kelley, Todd R.; Hill, Roger B.
National Center for Engineering and Technology Education
The purpose of this study was to better understand cognitive strategies used by high school technology education students who have participated in technology education instruction with an engineering design focus. Specifically, this study evaluated the cognitive strategies of students participating in "Project Lead the Way" curriculum programs compared with students participating in technology education programs partnering with the National Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE). High school students from these two groups were studied as they worked through an ill-defined problem: moving drinking water in developing countries. The data collected from these protocols was analyzed using a coding process and a list of universal technical mental processes (Halfin,1973) and OPTEMP software, (Hill, 1997) to record frequency and time of each mental process employed by the students. The study identified common cognitive strategies employed by students and identified where greatest emphasis was placed in the design process among the two groups. This study provides important insight for technology education as it seeks to implement engineering design. Appended are: (1) Activity; (2) Group 1 Student Demographic Information; (3) Demographic Information for Group 1 Teacher; (4) Demographic Information for Group 2 Teacher; and (5) The Original Cognitive Processes identified by Halfin's 1973 Study of High-level Designers. (Contains 4 tables and 5 figures.)
National Center for Engineering and Technology Education. c/o Department of Engineering Education Utah State University, 4160 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322. Tel: 435-797-0213; Fax: 435-797-2567; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: National Center for Engineering and Technology Education (NCETE)
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina