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ERIC Number: ED538892
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 298
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-2672-1698-4
ISSN: N/A
Achieving Learning Outcomes of Acquisition, Fluency, and Application for Adolescents with Difficulty Constructing Simple Sentences
Datchuk, Shawn M.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University
The present study used a multiple-baseline, single-case experimental design to investigate effects of three sequential experimental conditions on frequency of correct word sequences (CWS) and construction of simple sentences per 1-minute. Sentence Instruction, Frequency Building to a Performance Criteria (FBPC), and Paragraph Instruction comprised the three experimental conditions. Both Instruction conditions ended upon achieving an accuracy criterion of 90%. The FBPC phase lasted at least 5 sessions and ended when participants achieved a fluency criteria of at least 30 CWS with 0 to 3 incorrect word sequences per 1-minute. Participants completed a descriptive paragraph at the end of each experimental condition to measure application of effects to more complicated, compound tasks. Participants included four adolescents with difficulty constructing simple sentences, three females and one male enrolled in grades 8-10. All participants improved on frequency of sentences per 1-minute. Three of four participants improved CWS per 1-minute. Following instruction and FBPC phases, all participants maintained performance across time and applied higher amounts of CWS and complete simple sentences to descriptive paragraphs. Results extend prior behavioral fluency literature, suggesting acquired, fluent behavior applies to more complicated, compound tasks. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 10; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A