ERIC Number: ED538746
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct-17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 6
Economic Costs of Incarceration versus Education in the Juvenile Population in Tennessee
Radu, Valerie L.
Purpose: The purpose of this research brief was to examine the economic costs of incarceration versus education in the juvenile population in Tennessee. Methodology: State and national level data was reviewed in terms of the economic and social costs associated with incarcerating versus educating juveniles. Disparity rates between African-Americans and other groups were examined in terms of high school completion, dropout, and incarceration. Results: Each high school dropout costs Tennessee approximately $750 per year. Furthermore, each dropout costs the state more than $950 a year in incarceration costs, which includes capital outlays and staffing. It costs the state nearly $1,100 in Medicaid services each year to meet the basic healthcare needs of dropouts. Conclusions: At a cost of nearly $3,000 per individual annually, dropouts cost the state more than $2 billion a year (D'Andrea, 2010). Furthermore, this group shares similar characteristics of: being either unemployed, in need of Medicaid assistance, or incarcerated. As the general level of education increases (from associate's degree to bachelor's degree, etc) the use of public assistance programs decreases. Recommendations: Early collaboration with school systems to identify at-risk children combined with culturally relevant interventions created with multiple points of entry for child and family are potential ways to address this issue in southeast Tennessee.
Descriptors: Dropouts, Costs, Delinquency, Institutionalized Persons, Correctional Institutions, Economic Impact, Social Influences, Access to Education, African Americans, Racial Differences, Whites, American Indians, Hispanic Americans, Disproportionate Representation, High School Graduates, Graduation, Dropout Rate, At Risk Persons, Social Services, Employment Level, Educational Attainment, Early Intervention
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Tennessee