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ERIC Number: ED538745
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Mar
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
Grading. Research Brief
Walker, Karen
Education Partnerships, Inc.
What do grades mean? Is there a commonly understood and acceptable definition for what a grade stands? The current grading system is approximately 100 years old. In the 1700s, students were given feedback but not grades. In 1780, Yale University began using a 4.0 system that is similar to the current system. In the 1830s, Harvard University implemented a point scale that was divided into divisions. By 1897, Mt. Holyoke College designed a letter grade system that is the most universally and widely one used today. According to an extensive survey, about 80% of schools use letter grades from the fourth grade forward. Schools need to work together to discuss and develop criteria for grading that is accurate, fair and consistent and must make the meaning known to all stakeholders. Questions to consider include the following: (1) What is/are the purpose(s) of grading?; (2) What is the definition of a grade?; (3) What should a grade represent?; (4) Is the grading system fair and equitable? How?; and (5) What learning results are expected? (Contains 11 online resources and 1 resource.)
Education Partnerships, Inc. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Partnerships, Inc. (EPI)