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ERIC Number: ED538739
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Philosophy behind and Pros & Cons of Various Grade Configurations. Research Brief
Walker, Karen
Education Partnerships, Inc.
The most common configuration for the middle level is for grades 6-8 to be housed together. Although not a common configuration, there are some ninth grade only campuses sprinkled throughout the United States. Many of these schools were designed to address overcrowding issues either at the middle or high school while some were designed to help encourage a higher retention rate. The most common high school configuration is for grades 9-12 to be together. Schools for 11th & 12th grades seem to be mostly vocational. Although solid data on student achievement and its relationship to which configurations are thought to be the best is sparse, the research does cite areas for consideration when a district is examining various grade configurations. Cited in this paper are the areas for general consideration; the philosophy of meeting the needs of students in the middle grades according to the National Middle School Association and for high school according to "Breaking Ranks"; and some pros and cons for an 8th & 9th grade campus and a 9th grade only campus. (Contains 10 online resources.)
Education Partnerships, Inc. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Partnerships, Inc. (EPI)
Identifiers - Location: New York; Vermont; Washington