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ERIC Number: ED538734
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Oct-21
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Formative Assessment. Research Brief
Walker, Karen
Education Partnerships, Inc.
There are many kinds of classroom assessment--from informal observation of students to more formal exams and standardized tests. Two categories have been identified--formative assessments and summative assessments. Formative assessments are used by teachers to provide feedback to students and to guide improvement of instruction. For example, if a teacher notices that some students did not learn a concept, she or he can try a different instructional strategy or re-teach the content. Formative assessments also allow students to monitor their progress. Formative assessment is often used to make decisions about instructional practices. Summative assessments evaluate the effectiveness of instructional programs and services and occur at the end of an academic year or other pre-determined time. A summative assessment is used to determine student competency at an identified point in time. For example, most states require a standardized test at certain grades. They are useful in determining if students have mastered certain content and to identify curricular areas needing more attention. (Contains 17 online resources and 5 print resources.)
Education Partnerships, Inc. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Partnerships, Inc. (EPI)