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ERIC Number: ED538399
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Nov
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
Do Federally Assisted Households Have Access to High Performing Public Schools? Civil Rights Research
Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Horn, Keren Mertens
Poverty & Race Research Action Council (NJ1)
A family's housing unit provides more than simply shelter. It also provides a set of neighborhood amenities and a package of local public services, including, most critically, a local school. Yet housing and education policymakers rarely coordinate their efforts, and there has been little examination of the schools that voucher holders or other assisted households actually reach. In this project the authors describe the elementary schools nearest to households receiving four different forms of housing assistance in the country as a whole, in each of the 50 states, and in the 100 largest metropolitan areas. They compare the characteristics of these schools to those accessible to other comparable households. The authors pay particular attention to whether voucher holders are able to reach neighborhoods with higher performing schools than other low-income households in the same geographic area. In brief, they find that assisted households as a whole are more likely to live near low-performing schools than other households. Surprisingly, Housing Choice Voucher holders do not generally live near higher performing schools than households receiving other forms of housing assistance, even though the voucher program was created, in part, to help low-income households reach a broader range of neighborhoods and schools. While voucher holders typically live near schools that are higher performing than those nearest to public housing tenants, they also typically live near schools that are slightly lower performing than those nearest to households living in Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) and Project-based Section 8 developments and lower performing than those nearest to other poor households. (Contains 7 figures, 7 tables, and 9 footnotes.) [The following appendices are available on the publisher's website: (1) State-by-state tables; (2) Metropolitan area tables; (3) National distributions of family units by school performance; and (4) Top 100 MSAs--percentile rankings for each housing program.]
Poverty & Race Research Action Council. 1200 18th Street NW Suite 200, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-906-8023; Fax: 202-842-2885; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Poverty and Race Research Action Council (PRRAC)