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ERIC Number: ED538326
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun-18
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Cheating. Research Brief
Johnston, Howard
Education Partnerships, Inc.
"According to the Josephson Institute's 2006 Report Card on the Ethics of American Youth, today's young people reveal deeply entrenched habits of dishonesty. The report, released as part of National CHARACTER COUNTS! Week (October 15-21) reveals high rates of cheating, lying and theft. Cheating in school continues to be rampant. A substantial majority (60%) cheated on a test during the past year (35% did so two or more times) and one in three (33%) said they used the Internet to plagiarize an assignment." As grim as these statistics appear to be, they are actually an improvement over earlier studies. According to Josephson Institute research, in the decade from 1992 to 2002 the number of high school students who admitted that they cheated on an exam increased significantly from 61% to 74%. In 2000, 71% admitted to cheating. Three studies commissioned by Educational Testing Service articulate the motivations, reasons and beliefs of students who cheat on academic tasks. There are hundreds of specific practices that can be used to detect and punish cheating, including websites where teachers can upload student papers to check for pirated text. However, most educators agree that the best way to deal with cheating is to prevent it if at all possible. Some of these preventive practices include: (1) Give original and unique assignments that cannot be plagiarized or snagged off of a website; (2) Discuss academic ethics early and often, and make clear what the penalties for cheating will be; (3) Reinforce quality performance by showcasing student work and conducting conferences with students about their assignments so that teachers can ascertain how familiar a student is with the concepts presented in the assignment; (4) Require that students show all work, including initial references, notes, drafts and subsequent revisions; and (5) Use essays that test students thinking and communication as well as their mastery of information. (Contains 11 online resources.)
Education Partnerships, Inc. Web site: http://www.educationpartnerships.org
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Partnerships, Inc. (EPI)