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ERIC Number: ED537949
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 18
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 8
Dropout Prevention: An EPI Research Brief
Johnston, J. Howard
Education Partnerships, Inc.
Tons of paper and thousands of gallons of ink, not to mention countless digits and bytes, have been devoted to the study of dropouts--much of it focused on the causes of dropping out of school and the complex factors that contribute to that decision. Despite the intensity of this investigation, little has changed, except that the consequences of dropping out have become much more dire. The reasons that students drop out of school are complex and, in the eyes of many educators, intractable. A good summary of these reasons is drawn from long-term research on high school dropouts compiled by the Georgia Family Connection Partnership. Their paper, "Underlying Causes of High School Dropout," recognizes key factors from all aspects of students' backgrounds: (1) Socioeconomic Background; (2) Disabilities; (3) Race-ethnicity; (4) Academic Factors; (5) Absenteeism; and (6) Occupational Aspirations. More recent work in the field, however, has identified clusters of variables that can be modified to improve school outcomes. Generally, these dropout related factors form three major groupings: (1) Academic Skill Deficits; (2) Social and Economic Pressures; and (3) Lack of Adult Guidance and Mentoring. While still daunting, this kind of clustering of factors enables school personnel to create interventions that have some promise of changing the trajectory of many students headed for almost certain school failure and dropping out. Rather than belaboring the difficulty of the task, the rest of this paper is devoted to a study of these interventions and how they can be used in schools to improve student success and reduce dropout behavior. (Contains 8 resources.)
Education Partnerships, Inc. Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Partnerships, Inc. (EPI)