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ERIC Number: ED537644
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002-Jul
Pages: 4
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Environmental Management: An Approach to Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention. Prevention Updates
Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention
Most campus alcohol and other drug (AOD) programs include prevention, intervention, and treatment services designed to address individual students' knowledge of the consequences of alcohol and other drug use, to improve their skills in resisting such behavior, or to address existing problematic use of or addiction to alcohol or other drugs. Research shows, however, that campuses have had limited success when prevention efforts are limited to these traditional activities. The reason is simple: these activities are designed to prompt individual students to make different decisions about using alcohol and other drugs without making changes in the environment in which they make those decisions. The field of public health recognizes that health-related behaviors are influenced by multiple factors: individual factors, peer factors, institutional factors, community factors, and public policy. Successful prevention programs address all of these factors in a comprehensive approach. For campuses, it is especially important to complement existing efforts by addressing the physical, social, economic, and legal environment in which students make decisions about AOD use, which can be accomplished through a mix of institutional, community, and public policy change. This is environmental management. The Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention has outlined five primary strategies for achieving environmental change, each designed to address a problem area that contributes to alcohol and other drug use in a typical campus environment. These include: (1) Offering Alcohol-Free Social, Extracurricular, and Public Service Options; (2) Creating a Health-Promoting Normative Environment; (3) Restricting the Marketing and Promotion of Alcohol; (4) Limiting Alcohol Availability; and (5) Increasing Enforcement of Laws and Policies. (Contains 2 notes and 3 resources.)
Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention. EDC, Inc. 43 Foundry Avenue, Waltham, MA 02453. Tel: 800-676-1730; Fax: 617-928-1537; e-mail: HigherEdCtr@edc.org; Web site: http://www.edc.org/projects/higher_education_center_alcohol_drug_abuse_and_violence_prevention
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (ED)
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Arizona; Colorado; Delaware; Nebraska; New York