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ERIC Number: ED537638
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Feb
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 14
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Evaluating Environmental Management Approaches to Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Prevention. Prevention Updates
DeJong, William; Langford, Linda M.
Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention
Recent years have seen an upsurge in prevention work focused on changing the campus and community environments in which college students make decisions about alcohol and other drug (AOD) use. This approach, called "environmental management," is based on three fundamental premises: (1) Substance use problems are aggravated by a physical, social, economic, and legal environment that increases both the availability and appeal of alcohol and other drugs; (2) The most cost-effective means of reducing the number of AOD problems that a community experiences is to change that environment, thereby increasing motivation to avoid illegal or excessive substance use and its negative consequences; and (3) Successful environmental management requires a coalition of campus and community officials to develop and execute a strategic plan that features science-based programs and policies. Conscientious academic administrators who apply environmental prevention approaches will want to know if their efforts are effectively reducing alcohol and other drug problems. This requires systematic evaluation--a process for collecting, analyzing, and reporting information that can answer that question. This publication is designed to provide interested college and university administrators with a brief orientation to the evaluation of prevention programs that are based on the environmental management approach. In practice, campus officials who have applied an environmental management approach to AOD abuse prevention have found it useful to view program development and evaluation as an iterative process, with evaluation findings helping to inform program modifications. The evaluation process has five steps: (1) describing the intervention; (2) identifying process measures; (3) identifying outcome measures; (4) selecting a research design; and (5) utilizing the results. (Contains 1 figure and 5 resources.)
Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention. EDC, Inc. 43 Foundry Avenue, Waltham, MA 02453. Tel: 800-676-1730; Fax: 617-928-1537; e-mail: HigherEdCtr@edc.org; Web site: http://www.edc.org/projects/higher_education_center_alcohol_drug_abuse_and_violence_prevention
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Safe and Drug-Free Schools (ED)
Authoring Institution: Higher Education Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse and Violence Prevention (ED)