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ERIC Number: ED537490
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 52
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 29
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Educating Oneself out of Social Exclusion. Research Report
Buddelmeyer, Hielke; Leung, Felix; Scutella, Rosanna
National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER)
Providing more education and training is considered one means by which to reduce the extent of social exclusion and consequently has been a key focus in recent public policies. Using the first ten waves of the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) Survey as well as data from the Survey of Education and Training, the research builds a multi-dimensional measure of social exclusion comprising: material resources (household income and expenditure); employment; education and skills (literacy and numeracy, educational attainment, work experience); health and disability; social interactions; community (neighbourhood quality, civic participation, volunteerism); and personal safety. The authors are then able to show how social exclusion varies across different levels of educational attainment and over time. The authors also simulate the effect on the measure of multi-dimensional social exclusion of the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) target: halving, between 2009 and 2020, the proportion of 20 to 64-year-olds without at least a certificate III qualification. This mind experiment takes advantage of the correlations between the various dimensions by assuming that the outcomes of the "new certificate III graduates" are the same as the "previous certificate III" graduates. In a sense therefore it is a "best case" simulation and assumes that the quality of the education expansion induced by the COAG target is high. This research reveals that the level of social exclusion has declined over the decade beginning in 2001, except during the period around 2008-10, presumably as a result of the Global Financial Crisis. Education is a powerful marker of social exclusion. Those who are early school leavers or have a certificate II as their highest qualification suffer from social exclusion to a far greater degree than those with other levels of educational attainment. This is true for all dimensions of the index. The impact of improved basic educational levels on social inclusion is potentially very significant; for example, if the authors calibrate our cut-off of the measure of social exclusion so that around 10% of the population is in the socially excluded category and then conduct the COAG target simulation, the percentage of the population who are socially excluded drops to under 7%. Notwithstanding its statistical complexity, the research clearly shows the power of attacking poor levels of education to reduce social exclusion. Appended are: (1) Overview of the literature; (2) Additional information; and (3) Formal description of the methodology used. (Contains 16 tables, 6 figures and 32 footnotes.)
National Centre for Vocational Education Research Ltd. P.O. Box 8288, Stational Arcade, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia. Tel: +61-8-230-8400; Fax: +61-8-212-3436; e-mail: ncver@ncver.edu.au; Web site: http://www.ncver.edu.au
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research
Identifiers - Location: Australia