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ERIC Number: ED537465
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 20
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 13
Girls Getting to Secondary School Safely: Combating Gender-Based Violence in the Transportation Sector in Tanzania
Mack, Laura
Academy for Educational Development
While increasing girls' access to education is a global priority, there are numerous barriers that impede significant progress in achieving gender parity in schools. While enrollment of girl students is up in Tanzania, especially at the primary and secondary levels, AED has become concerned about the barriers girls face, including gender-based violence (GBV), on their way to school. Anecdotes of girls being verbally harassed, sexually harassed, and discriminated against in the transportation sector as they make their way to and from school have been circulating among school officials, teachers, caregivers, and, of course, girls themselves. In response to these anecdotes, AED conducted a survey with girls at the secondary level in Tanzania to get a clearer picture of the situation. AED found that girls do indeed face distinct challenges, such as mistreatment and GBV at the hands of those in the transportation sector and forced truancy from either occasional inability to pay transport fees or from discrimination in the transport sector. Findings of this study highlight one small but crucial aspect to the challenges girls face while getting an education, and this aspect deals with girls' access to school. This study shows that while girls are determined to go to school and are creative in finding alternative ways to get themselves to and from school, the challenges they face with transportation do impact their attendance. With girls' attendance impacted in this way, targets in retention and performance are hard to achieve. Donors, NGOs and governments are urged to consider the issue of transportation to and from school when developing and implementing mechanisms to improve girls' education. (Contains 1 footnote.)
Academy for Educational Development. 1825 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20009-5721. Tel: 202-884-8000; Fax: 202-884-8400; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Academy for Educational Development
Identifiers - Location: Tanzania