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ERIC Number: ED537423
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2159-5542
Cheat Sheet or Open-Book? A Comparison of the Effects of Exam Types on Performance, Retention, and Anxiety
Gharib, Afshin; Phillips, William; Mathew, Noelle
Online Submission, Psychology Research v2 n8 p469-478 Aug 2012
The differences between open-book, cheat sheet, and closed-book exams were examined in two different types of psychology courses. A total of 297 students enrolled in eight sections of Introductory Psychology and 99 students enrolled in four sections of Statistics participated in this study. Exam types were counterbalanced across sections of the same course. Students were given either open-book, cheat sheet, or closed-book exams, took a surprise quiz two weeks after the exams to measure retention of course material, completed a preference questionnaire, and took a pre-test measure of test anxiety on open-book and cheat sheet tests. While students did slightly better on open-book exam than on closed-book exams, they also much preferred open-book and cheat sheet exams over closed-book exams, and had lower levels of anxiety when taking open-book exams compared to cheat sheet exams. Based on these results, open-book exams may be a superior style of examination for a variety of psychology courses. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.) [This research was supported in part by an Academic Excellence Grant from Dominican University of California.]
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California