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ERIC Number: ED536955
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Sep-18
Pages: 79
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 60
Translation Accommodations Framework for Testing English Language Learners in Mathematics
Solano-Flores, Guillermo
Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium
The present framework is developed under contract with the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC) as a conceptual and methodological tool for guiding the reasonings and actions of contractors in charge of developing and providing test translation accommodations for English language learners. The framework addresses important challenges in the development and use of effective translation accommodations for English language learners. Many of these challenges are directly related to the fact that translation is a complex activity. Other challenges stem from the fact that this complexity is often underestimated and from the fact that the process of test development and the process of test translation are often viewed as unrelated and are limited by tight timelines. The document discusses the nature of translation support materials that should be made available to professionals participating in test translation projects and the need for translation specifications documents that specify the lexical and discursive characteristics of the translated materials. The former ensure that the process of test translation is informed by knowledge of the standards, skills, and knowledge assessed by the translated items; the latter ensures standardization in the characteristics of test translation--an important aspect to address in massive translation projects in which different sets of professionals translate and review the translations of different sets of items. The framework provides a list of the documents and pieces of evidence that, in addition to the translated materials, should be provided to document the process of development of test translation accommodations. (Contains 10 figures, 8 tables, and 2 notes.)
Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium