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ERIC Number: ED536514
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Summer Learning Loss: Why Its Effect Is Strongest among Low-Income Students and How It Can Be Combated. Information Capsule. Volume 1011
Blazer, Christie
Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools
Summer vacation is one of the predominant causes of the achievement gap in America's schools. While middle- and higher-income children spend their summers engaged in activities and enrolled in programs that strengthen and reinforce learning, the vast majority of children in low-income communities have little or no access to such opportunities. By the time school begins each year, low-income children's lack of access to enriching summer activities results in their falling weeks, if not months, behind their more advantaged peers. This Information Capsule summarizes research indicating that low-income students experience greater learning loss over the summer months than their higher-income peers because they are less likely to participate in summer enrichment activities. This report also reviews the characteristics of effective summer learning programs and provides a brief summary of research suggesting that participation in these programs helps students maintain or even increase their academic skills over the summer months, especially in reading. Finally, research conducted on summer book reading programs is discussed. Studies suggest that providing books to low-income children and encouraging them to read is a cost-effective and replicable approach that can help to develop their reading skills over the summer. (Contains 1 table.)
Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools. 1450 NE Second Avenue, Miami, FL 33132. Tel: 305-995-1000; Fax: 305-995-7521; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Miami-Dade County Public Schools, Research Services
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A