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ERIC Number: ED536502
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
How Students' Beliefs about Their Intelligence Influence Their Academic Performance. Information Capsule. Volume 1012
Blazer, Christie
Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools
Students' academic success may be influenced not only by their actual ability, but also by their beliefs about their intelligence. Studies have found that students enter a classroom with one of two distinct conceptions of their intellectual ability: some students believe their intelligence is expandable (growth mindset), while others believe their intelligence is a fixed trait (fixed mindset). A review of the research suggests that students with growth mindsets outperform their classmates who hold fixed mindsets. In addition, the adoption of a growth mindset may decrease or even close achievement gaps. This Information Capsule also summarizes strategies that teachers can use to foster growth mindsets. For example, studies indicate that teachers should emphasize effort and progress over final outcomes; encourage in-depth learning; and praise students for their effort, not for their intellect.
Research Services, Miami-Dade County Public Schools. 1450 NE Second Avenue, Miami, FL 33132. Tel: 305-995-1000; Fax: 305-995-7521; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Miami-Dade County Public Schools, Research Services