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ERIC Number: ED536230
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Oct
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 17
The Spalding Method[R]. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse
The "Spalding Method"[R] is a language arts program for grades K-6 that uses explicit, integrated instruction and multisensory techniques to teach spelling, writing, and reading. The program and its textbook, The "Writing Road to Reading," provide 32 weeks of lesson plans. Students work on program materials in spelling, writing, and reading for 90-120 minutes every day. This review of The "Spalding Method"[R] for Beginning Reading focuses on students in grades K-3. The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) identified 17 studies of The "Spalding Method"[R] for beginning readers that were published or released between 1983 and 2011. Two studies are within the scope of the Beginning Reading review protocol but do not meet WWC evidence standards. Both studies use a quasi-experimental design but do not establish that the comparison group was comparable to the intervention group prior to the start of the intervention. Twelve studies are out of the scope of the Beginning Reading review protocol because they have an ineligible study design. Three studies do not use a comparison group design, a regression discontinuity design, or a single-case design. Nine studies are literature reviews or meta-analyses. Three studies are out of the scope of the Beginning Reading review protocol for reasons other than study design. One study does not include students in grades K-3, as specified in the protocol. One study includes fewer than 50% general education students. One study examined the intervention combined with other components, so it is not possible to isolate the effect of the intervention. A glossary of terms is included. (Contains 2 endnotes and lists 11 additional sources.) [For a related report on this program, see ED535325.]
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Kindergarten; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)