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ERIC Number: ED536091
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 173
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-2670-6504-9
ISSN: N/A
Task-Driven Dynamic Text Summarization
Workman, Terri Elizabeth
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Utah
The objective of this work is to examine the efficacy of natural language processing (NLP) in summarizing bibliographic text for multiple purposes. Researchers have noted the accelerating growth of bibliographic databases. Information seekers using traditional information retrieval techniques when searching large bibliographic databases are often overwhelmed by excessive, irrelevant data. Scientists have applied natural language processing technologies to improve retrieval. Text summarization, a natural language processing approach, simplifies bibliographic data while filtering it to address a user's need. Traditional text summarization can necessitate the use of multiple software applications to accommodate diverse processing refinements known as "points-of-view." A new, statistical approach to text summarization can transform this process. Combo, a statistical algorithm comprised of three individual metrics, determines which elements within input data are relevant to a user's specified information need, thus enabling a single software application to summarize text for many points-of-view. In this dissertation, I describe this algorithm, and the research process used in developing and testing it. Four studies comprised the research process. The goal of the first study was to create a conventional schema accommodating a genetic disease etiology point-of-view, and an evaluative reference standard. This was accomplished through simulating the task of secondary genetic database curation. The second study addressed the development and initial evaluation of the algorithm, comparing its performance to the conventional schema using the previously established reference standard, again within the task of secondary genetic database curation. The third and fourth studies evaluated the algorithm's performance in accommodating additional points-of-view in a simulated clinical decision support task. The third study explored prevention, while the fourth evaluated performance for prevention and drug treatment, comparing results to a conventional treatment schema's output. Both summarization methods identified data that were salient to their tasks. The conventional genetic disease etiology and treatment schemas located salient information for database curation and decision support, respectively. The Combo algorithm located salient genetic disease etiology, treatment, and prevention data, for the associated tasks. Dynamic text summarization could potentially serve additional purposes, such as consumer health information delivery, systematic review creation, and primary research. This technology may benefit many user groups. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A