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ERIC Number: ED535734
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jun
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 14
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2159-5542
Dichotomous Thinking Leads to Entity Theories of Human Ability
Oshio, Atsushi
Online Submission, Psychology Research v2 n6 p369-375 Jun 2012
Previous research has indicated that dichotomous thinkers have stereotypic and rigid views of others. This study focuses on the world-view of dichotomous thinkers from the perspective of entity vs. incremental theory. Study 1 explored the relationship between dichotomous thinking and the IPTM (implicit person theory measure) (Dweck, Chiu, & Hong, 1995). Two hundred and forty-eight Japanese undergraduates completed the DTI (dichotomous thinking inventory) and the IPTM. A significant positive relationship between the variables was found. Study 2 explored the relationship between the DTI and another measure assessing the degree to which participants endorsed implicit theories. Three hundred and eleven Japanese undergraduates completed the DTI and the SITI (scale of implicit theory of intelligence) (Mori, Ishida, Shimizu, & Tominaga, 2001). Factor analysis of the SITI revealed four factors: smartness, efficiency, clear-headedness, and grade and knowledge. Correlation analyses indicated that people who think dichotomously tend to deem human abilities to be more innate. (Contains 5 tables.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan