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ERIC Number: ED535693
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2159-5542
Relationship between Religious Orientation (Internal-External) With Methods of Overcoming Stress in Students of Islamic Azad University of Abhar
Jafari, Alireza
Online Submission, Psychology Research v1 n4 p239-243 Oct 2011
This study explored the relationship between religious orientation (internal-external) and the ways of coping stress (problem-based and emotion-based) in the students of IAU (Islamic Azad University), Abhar Branch. Religion with internal origin is comprehensive and has well-organized principles. However, religion with external origin is a device to meet needs as relaxation, sociability, security, self-justification and job position. The research design was casual-comparative and the sample size included 250 BA (baccalaureate) and associate degree students that were chosen randomly in 1,384 students studying in different majors in IAU, Abhar Branch. Research instruments were ROS (religious orientation scale) (internal-external) and WOC (ways of coping questionnaire). After test administration, 50 students that had the lowest scores were known as internal religious-oriented and 50 students who got the highest scores were known as external religious-oriented. Then, the coping ways (problem-based and emotion-based) in the two groups were considered. T-test was implemented to analyze data. The findings, on the whole, approved the research hypotheses asserting that students with internal religious orientation used the problem-based coping way in a higher degree than external religious-oriented ones. Also, the external religious-oriented students used the emotion-based coping way more than the counter group. In relation to the four minor research hypotheses, there was a significant difference between the means of the two groups with internal and external religious orientation in each of the sub-scales of the emotion-based coping way (confrontation, self-control, escaping and avoidance). (Contains 5 tables.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iran