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ERIC Number: ED535645
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Jan
Pages: 35
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Movin' It "and" Improvin' It! Using Both Education Strategies to Increase Teaching Effectiveness
Jerald, Craig D.
Center for American Progress
Fueled in part by the U.S. Department of Education's Race to the Top program, a massive effort to overhaul teacher evaluation is underway in states and districts across the country. The aim is to ensure that evaluations provide a better indication of "teaching effectiveness," or the extent to which teachers can and do contribute to students' learning, and then to act on that information to enhance teaching and learning. But as states and districts actually begin to adopt policies to measure teaching effectiveness, another kind of debate is now raging: How exactly should school systems use the results of their new teacher-evaluation systems? More broadly, once states and districts begin to measure effectiveness, what kinds of strategies should they adopt to "increase" the amount of measured effectiveness in the teacher workforce over time? Underneath the confusion about what the reforms are really about lie two very different types of strategies for boosting teaching effectiveness in the workforce. The first strategy can be called "movin' it" because it treats a teacher's effectiveness as fixed at any given point in time, then uses selective recruitment, retention, and "deselection" to attract and keep teachers with higher effectiveness while removing teachers with lower effectiveness. In contrast, "improvin' it" policies treat teachers' effectiveness as a mutable trait that can be improved with time. When reformers talk about providing all teachers with useful feedback following classroom observations or using the results of evaluation to individualize professional development for teachers, they are referring to "improvin' it" strategies. In reality, there is nothing about either strategy that precludes the other. Therefore, instead of treating them as "either/or" choices, smart school systems would combine "movin' it" and "improvin' it" policies to maximize increases in teaching effectiveness. In fact, evidence suggests that high-improving and high-performing schools manage to do just that. (Contains 8 figures and 54 endnotes.)
Center for American Progress. 1333 H Street NW 10th Floor, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-682-1611; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
Authoring Institution: Center for American Progress
IES Cited: ED561236; ED548027; ED548539; ED565834