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ERIC Number: ED535509
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 8
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 6
Chronically Low-Performing Schools and Turnaround: Evidence from Three States
Hansen, Michael; Choi, Kilchan
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
The criteria for determining the student outcomes that define a school as having "turned around" are not well defined, and the definition of turnaround performance varies across studies. Although current policy initiatives offer guidelines for identifying CLP schools, there is no standard definition or methodology in common usage. This paper summarizes the lessons learned from this exercise of empirically identifying CLP schools and binning them into performance categories based on their trajectories. This paper provides guidance for others charged with a similar task. Specifically, the authors learned the critical importance of using student-level data (rather than school-level aggregate measures), using growth-based measures in conjunction with status-based performance metrics, the stability of these performance metrics over time, and how to empirically recognize turnaround in schools as it occurs. Also, the authors learned that low-performing schools turned around their performance more frequently than one might have presumed based on prior research. In Florida, they identified approximately 15% of chronically low-performing elementary and 14% of chronically low-performing middle schools as turnarounds. Similar rates were observed in North Carolina--13% and 16%, respectively; and even higher in Texas--29% and 31%, respectively. (Contains 3 figures and 2 tables.)
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Identifiers - Location: Florida; North Carolina; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Race to the Top
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A060067