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ERIC Number: ED535496
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 15
ISSN: ISSN-1548-6613
Reporting Qualitative Data Quantitatively: Code-Switching in Mathematics Classrooms
Neo, Kian-Sen; Heng, Buai-Chin
Online Submission, US-China Education Review A 7 p639-649 2012
This article is based on a research investigating the communication in primary mathematics classrooms. One of the research's objectives was to determine what languages were used in the primary mathematics classrooms, and to what extent, do teachers and students resort to code-switching in teaching and learning mathematics. A total of 16 classroom mathematics lessons from primary schools in the Kelantan State of Malaysia were observed and recorded. Within the four schools, two were SK (national schools) and two were SJKC (Chinese primary schools). A rural school and an urban school constituted the two schools of the same type. The researcher observed four classes from two levels for each participating school, i.e., two Standard 2 classes from the lower primary level and two Standard 5 classes from the upper primary level. The two classes of each level were in fact comprised of a good class and a weak class. The use of languages in resorting to code-switching was examined across various factors, such as types of schools, school location, class levels, and types of classes. The notion of C-unit (communicative unit) proposed by Loban (1976) was used to analyze the types of languages use as well as their proportion of use. This article shows that by using C-unit as the unit of analysis, the qualitative data gathered from the classroom discourse can well be reported quantitatively in terms of the proportion of students' L1 (first language), L2 (second language), and code-mixing of L1 and L2 in response to various factors. (Contains 12 tables.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Malaysia