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ERIC Number: ED535326
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 2
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "The Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment: Experimental Evidence from New York City"
What Works Clearinghouse
The study reviewed in this report examined the effects of private school vouchers on college enrollment outcomes. The vouchers were given to low-income elementary-age students through the New York School Choice Scholarships Foundation (SCSF) program. In 1997, the SCSF used a random assignment lottery to offer three-year vouchers to approximately 1,000 low-income families with children entering grades 1 through 5. The vouchers could be used to reduce the cost of attending any private school in New York City. The maximum value of the vouchers was $1,400 per year, which represented most of the typical tuition cost of attending a Catholic school in New York City. More than three quarters of the children who received vouchers ultimately made use of the scholarship at some point during the three-year period. The sample used in this analysis was 2,642 New York City public school students (1,363 students who were offered vouchers, and 1,279 students who served as a comparison group) in grades 1-5 in 1997. Of the participants, 42% were African-American and 46% were Hispanic. The study found no differences of the offer of a school voucher on college enrollment; however, there was a positive impact of vouchers on college enrollment (part-time and full-time) for African-American students. In addition, the study reported that African-American students who were offered a school voucher had statistically significantly higher rates of attending a private 4-year university or a selective 4-year university. The study also found no statistically significant effects of school vouchers on any of the outcomes assessed for the subgroup of Hispanic students. This study "meets What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards" because it is a randomized controlled trial with low attrition for all outcomes, for both the full sample and for the two subgroups reported (African-American and Hispanic students). [The following study is reviewed in this What Works Clearinghouse Quick Review: "The Effects of School Vouchers on College Enrollment: Experimental Evidence from New York City" (ED534618).]
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail: info@whatworks.ed.gov; Web site: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
Identifiers - Location: New York