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ERIC Number: ED535216
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar-13
Pages: 100
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 203
Parent Training Interventions for Attention Deficity Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in Children Aged 5 to 18 Years. Campbell Systematic Reviews. 2012:2
Zwi, Morris; Jones, Hannah; Thorgaard, Camilla; York, Ann; Dennis, Jane A.
Campbell Collaboration
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by high levels of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that are present before the age of seven years, seen in a range of situations, inconsistent with the child's developmental level and causing social or academic impairment. Parent training programmes are psychosocial interventions aimed at training parents in techniques to enable them to manage their children's challenging behaviour. The purpose of this study is to determine whether parent training interventions are effective in reducing ADHD symptoms and associated problems in children aged between five and eighteen years with a diagnosis of ADHD, compared to controls with no parent training intervention. The authors searched the following electronic databases (for all available years until September 2010): CENTRAL (2010, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1950 to 10 September 2010), EMBASE (1980 to 2010 Week 36), CINAHL (1937 to 13 September 2010), PsycINFO (1806 to September Week 1 2010), Dissertation Abstracts International (14 September 2010) and the metaRegister of Controlled Trials (14 September 2010). They contacted experts in the field to ask for details of unpublished or ongoing research. Findings reveal that parent training may have a positive effect on the behaviour of children with ADHD. It may also reduce parental stress and enhance parental confidence. However, the poor methodological quality of the included studies increases the risk of bias in the results. Data concerning ADHD-specific behaviour are ambiguous. For many important outcomes, including school achievement and adverse effects, data are lacking. Evidence from this review is not strong enough to form a basis for clinical practice guidelines. Future research should ensure better reporting of the study procedures and results. Appended are: (1) Search strategies 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008; (2) Search strategies used May 2009; (3) Search strategies used September 2010; and (4) Additional methods for future update. (Contains 2 figures.) [Additional funding for this paper was provided by a grant from PPH Healthcare Medical Trust and SFI Campbell, The Danish National Centre for Social Research, Denmark.]
Campbell Collaboration. P.O. Box 7004, St Olavs plass N-0130 Oslo, Norway. Tel: +47- 23-25-50-00; Fax: +47-23-25-50-10; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: University of Bristol (England)
Authoring Institution: Campbell Collaboration