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ERIC Number: ED534912
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 40
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Time for a Change: The Promise of Extended-Time Schools for Promoting Student Achievement. Research Report
Farbman, David; Kaplan, Claire
Massachusetts 2020
Extending the school day and year is not easy. The conventional calendar remains one of the most intractable features of the American educational system. Altering the traditional school schedule has significant ramifications for parents, students, teachers, and school administrators. This reform impacts student and family schedules, transportation arrangements, teacher compensation, pedagogy and curriculum, and other issues. This research project was fundamentally designed to understand how these challenges can be overcome by studying schools that have actually overcome them. How are schools able to implement a change of such magnitude in effective and sustainable ways? To provide insight on this question, Massachusetts 2020, with support from The L.G. Balfour Foundation, a Bank of America Company, engaged in a year-long study of extended-time schools to consider the range of issues that these schools have had to deal with in breaking with the conventional school calendar. The eight extended-time schools that Massachusetts 2020 examined for this project demonstrate that extending the time students spend in school is possible in a variety of settings, including district public schools, pilot schools, and charter schools, and through a range of funding and staffing innovations. Examination of these schools further reveals that there is no one correct model of an extended-time school. In fact, each school has a unique character that grows from its strong educational vision. But these schools do all share one core belief: that more learning time is the sine qua non upon which a successful school is built. Employing creativity and attention to detail, these educators then develop a school that deliberately departs from the standard calendar of 180 six-and-a-half-hour days. They expand upon this time for the express purpose of enhancing teaching and learning. The positive effects of having more time are evident throughout each school. Through longer class periods, individual assistance, and tutoring sessions, students spend more time on task than do students in schools operating on a conventional schedule. Studying these schools also reveals that despite the benefits of having more time than the conventional schedule allows, there are hefty challenges to extending the school day. Clearly, one of the most significant is funding to pay for additional staff time. (Contains 12 figures, 6 tables and 30 notes.) [Funding for this paper was provided by the L.G. Balfour Foundation. For "Time for a Change: The Promise of Extended Time Schools for Promoting Student Achievement. Executive Summary," see ED534911.]
Massachusetts 2020. 24 School Street 3rd Floor, Boston, MA 02108. Tel: 617-723-6747; Fax: 617-723-6746; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Lloyd G. Balfour Foundation
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts 2020
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts; New York
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System