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ERIC Number: ED534653
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr
Pages: 52
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
School Turnarounds: Evidence from the 2009 Stimulus. Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series. PEPG 12-04
Dee, Thomas S.
Program on Education Policy and Governance, Harvard University
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) targeted substantial School Improvement Grants (SIGs) to the nation's "persistently lowest achieving" public schools (i.e., up to $2 million per school annually over 3 years) but required schools accepting these awards to implement a federally prescribed school-reform model. Schools that met the "lowest-achieving" and "lack of progress" thresholds within their state had prioritized eligibility for these SIG-funded interventions. Using data from California, this study leverages these two discontinuous eligibility rules to identify the effects of SIG-funded whole-school reforms. The results based on these "fuzzy" regression-discontinuity designs indicate that there were significant improvements in the test-based performance of schools on the "lowest-achieving" margin but not among schools on the "lack of progress" margin. Complementary panel-based estimates suggest that these improvements were largely concentrated among schools adopting the federal "turnaround" model, which compels more dramatic staff turnover. (Contains 12 figures, 12 tables, and 19 footnotes.)
Program on Education Policy and Governance. Harvard University, Kennedy School of Government, 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Taubman 304, Cambridge, MA 02138. Tel: 617-495-7976; Fax: 617-496-4428; e-mail: pepg@fas.harvard.edu; Web site: http://www.hks.harvard.edu/pepg
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Administrators
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard University, Program on Education Policy and Governance
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act 2009