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ERIC Number: ED534397
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Aug-15
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
The Token Economy: Reducing the Disruptive and Off-Task Behavior
Chevalier, Nicole Taylor
Online Submission
This study investigates the effects of a token economy as an intervention to reduce disruptive and off-task behavior of third grade students in an open concept setting. The intervention combines the use of a token reinforcement with a raffle style drawing. The students receive tokens on an intermittent reinforcement schedule for being on-task, displaying compliant behavior, or for the completion of academic assignments. The tokens are entered into a weekly drawing to receive a backup reinforcer. The results indicate a significant decrease in disruptive behavior in both classes, but no significant change in the completion of outside academic assignments. The findings suggest that the token economy may be successful in reducing disruptive behavior but not for academic assignments completed outside of the classroom. Appended to this document are the following: (1) Behavior Observation Schedule; (2) Student Self-Assessment Survey; (3) Homework Completion Chart; (4) Observed Disruptive Behavior Pre and Post Test: Classroom A & B; and (5) Completion of Homework Before and After Intervention: Classrooms A & B. (Contains 2 tables.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A