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ERIC Number: ED533596
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 32
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-8-1278-0026-0
Cambodia: Summary Report. The Impact of Informal School Fees. Asia-South Pacific Education Watch
de Guzman, Sylvia
Asian-South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education
A prior study of costs of education in Cambodia was undertaken by Mark Bray in 1999. In his study he suggests that: "... the scale of dropout from Cambodian primary schools has been demonstrated to be high. Costs appear to be an important factor for many households when making decisions to withdraw their children from school." In that study, parents' expenditure for primary education ranged from 50,000 to 255,000R ($12.5 to $64) per child, per year for grade 1, increasing to anywhere from 224,000 to 507,000R ($56 to $127) for grade 6, depending on where the family lives. This per-child contribution represented from 5.3% to 20.4% of the yearly family income. The objectives of this report, on the other hand, are to discover the amount of informal school fees being paid by parents in sending a child to school each year, the impact on household expenditure of keeping a child in school, and parental perceptions about paying these fees. While other studies have attempted to calculate the informal costs of sending a child to school in Cambodia, few have documented the impacts on families and household expenditures. This research expands in scope a first study undertaken in February 2007 where one hundred families were interviewed from one province, Kampong Cham. Findings were broken down into urban (34 families) rural (29 families) and remote (37 families). The findings from this bigger EdWatch research describes the situation in four provinces: Phnom Penh, Kampot, Takeo and Battambang. It should be noted that this report should not be seen as necessarily representative of the whole of Cambodia. As an example, the average number of children was 4; the national average for Cambodia is 5.5. There are other issues like this throughout the study. However, the researchers believe that it does reflect the situation overall in Cambodia and can generate certain conclusions about the scale and practice of charging informal school fees. The findings can be used as a basis for making comparisons with other provinces in terms of household expenditures on informal school fees for basic education, as well as with other countries in the Asia-Pacific region. The results may also serve as a basis for formulating sound and realistic policies responsive to the stated aim of the Royal Government of Cambodia, to provide free basic education to all, by the year 2015. (Contains 7 tables and 13 endnotes.)
Asian-South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education. Available from: Asia South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Education. ASPBAE Secretariat c/o MAAPL Eucharistic Congress Building #3, 5 Convent Street, Colaba, Mumbai, 400 039 India. Tel: +91-22-2202-1391; Fax: +91-22-2283-2217; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Asian South Pacific Bureau of Adult Education (ASPBAE)
Identifiers - Location: Cambodia