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ERIC Number: ED533451
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 192
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1249-6270-2
The Relationship between Spirituality, Spiritual Intelligence, and Leadership Practices in Student Leaders in the BYU-Idaho Student Activities Program
Dougherty, Troy J.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Idaho State University
Very little research exists to empirically support a spiritual component to leadership. Most of the literature connecting spirituality to leadership is either theory based or anecdotal. Even less research exists involving college students and the contribution of spirituality to their attitudes and behaviors as leaders. Spiritual intelligence has recently emerged in the literature as a discrete construct underlying or related to spirituality. Whereas spirituality primarily consists of preferred behaviors, spiritual intelligence primarily consists of cognitive abilities. The purpose of this study was to empirically explore the relationship between spirituality, spiritual intelligence, and leadership practices in student leaders in the BYU-Idaho Student Activities Program. The BYU-Idaho Student Activities Program is a campus organization designed to provide leadership training and experience for students in the context of meaningful activities and events. It consists of six general areas: Fitness, Outdoor, Service, Social, Sports, and Talent. Each of the six areas includes student leaders at four distinct, hierarchical levels: Area Director, Director, Coordinator, and Manager. In the winter 2011 semester, 317 student leaders served in the Student Activities Program (7 Area Directors, 17 Directors, 69 Coordinators, and 224 Managers). The entire population of student leaders in the BYU-Idaho Student Activities Program was administered three online surveys. The College Students' Beliefs and Values (CSBV) Survey measured six internally and externally directed qualities of student leaders' spirituality; the Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Instrument measured four components of student leaders' spiritual intelligence; and the Student Leadership Practices Inventory (SLPI) measured the frequency with which student leaders engaged in The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership. Data from 150 student leaders who fully completed the survey were analyzed through Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient and multiple regression. Of the 50 relationships among the five leadership practices and 10 measures of spirituality and spiritual intelligence, 32 were statistically significant. All of the statistically significant relationships ranged from 0.30 to 0.51, corresponding to medium and large effects (Cohen, 1988). Multiple regression analyses revealed that various measures of spirituality and spiritual intelligence significantly predicted each of the five leadership practices. The proportion of variance for three of the five leadership practices collectively accounted for by the measures of spirituality and spiritual intelligence ranged from 29% to 34%, corresponding to large effects (Cohen, 1988). [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Idaho