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ERIC Number: ED532695
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 17
Closing the Gap: Early Childhood Education. The Achievement Gap: Early Childhood Education. Info Brief. Number 45
Nelson, Anne
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development
In popular culture, the age of 40 is sometimes considered "over the hill." This is decidedly not the case for the Perry Preschoolers--a cohort of low-income, predominantly African American children who 37 years ago were randomly assigned to attend a high-quality preschool program. The latest findings from the well-known longitudinal study of this group confirm that the program's "long-term effects are lifetime effects" (Schweinhart, 2005). As 40-year-olds, the Perry Preschoolers are more likely than their control group counterparts to have achieved the standard trappings of the middle class: steady employment, home and car ownership, good family relationships. They have higher incomes and are less likely to use drugs, require social services, or be involved in the criminal justice system. Conservative cost-benefit models show that for an initial investment of roughly $15,000 per child, the return to society was roughly $250,000, or $17 for every dollar invested. This return comprised savings in the areas of criminal justice system costs, education spending, and welfare costs. It also included increased tax revenue due to higher lifetime earnings of the cohort members. (Contains 1 endnote.) [For the first info brief, "Closing the Gap: An Overview. The Achievement Gap: An Overview. Info Brief. Number 44," see ED532702.]
Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. 1703 North Beauregard Street, Alexandria, VA 22311-1714. Tel: 800-933-2723; Tel: 703-578-9600; Fax: 703-575-5400; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development