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ERIC Number: ED532680
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 120
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1094-1375-5
The Relationship between Self-Determination and Quality of Life among Individuals with Disabilities Involved with a Center for Independent Living
Bekemeier, Karsten
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University
Individuals with disabilities have historically been compromised in their ability to assert independence with respect to concepts of independent living and self-determination. In turn this may potentially impact an individual's overall quality of life. Community integration and availability of a full quality of life and to be self-determined has served as an indication of a positive outcome within research. This can result from a process in which individual self-determination results in an improved quality of life. Research has focused on self-determination and QOL as both outcome variables and mediator variables in planning outcomes such as employment (Wehmeyer & Schwartz, 1998, Wehmeyer, 1996, Wehmeyer & Bolding, 1999). Although research has been conducted into specific population groups, the independent living setting provides an opportunity to evaluate self-determination and quality of life from a perspective of a setting that is specifically structured to promote and practice the independent living philosophy. The purpose of the current study was to examine the relationship between self-determination and quality of life among individuals with disabilities. Participants included individuals with disabilities that were involved with a local Center for Independent Living and had received services (n = 43). "The Arc's Self-Determination Scale" (Wehmeyer, 1995) and the "World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF" (WHOQOL Group, 1998) were used to operationally define variables. Canonical correlation analysis was used to investigate the primary research question. Tests of dimensionality for the canonical correlation analysis, indicated that two of the four canonical dimensions emerged as significant at the 0.05 level. Dimension one had a canonical correlation of 0.875. As such, 77% of the variance between self-determination and quality of life was explained by the first canonical variate. The first canonical correlation was determined to be interpretable and suggests that a moderate relationship exists between the self-determination and quality of life variable sets. Within the first canonical score, the criterion variables of Quality of Life, Physical Health and Environment had a greater ratio of importance in calculating the canonical variate. Within the predictor variables of Self-determination, the greatest importance in calculating the canonical variate was Autonomy. The result of the current study contributes to a growing body of literature which suggests that the first and perhaps most important steps towards promoting self-determination and quality of life is to support individuals towards acting on personal beliefs, assisting towards promotion of ones physical health, and the promotion of one's personal environment such as access to resources and the community. As such those who have obtained related services through the CIL may have a greater potential for emphasis and connection with community and belonging that may positively influence an individuals participation and self-determination and possibly overall quality of life. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A