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ERIC Number: ED532531
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 106
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1093-8925-8
ISSN: N/A
The Role of the Listener's State in Speech Perception
Viswanathan, Navin
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Connecticut
Accounts of speech perception disagree on whether listeners perceive the acoustic signal (Diehl, Lotto, & Holt, 2004) or the vocal tract gestures that produce the signal (e.g., Fowler, 1986). In this dissertation, I outline a research program using a phenomenon called "perceptual compensation for coarticulation" (Mann, 1980) to examine this question regarding objects of speech perception. In Experiments 1A, 1B and 2, I examine non-speech contexts and evaluate their implications for perceptual compensation. Results from these experiments support a masking account of non-speech effects, while challenging a spectral contrast account. I then investigate the role of listener's state of perceptual attunement on compensation for coarticulation. In Experiment 3, I use sinewave speech (Remez et al., 1981) as contexts. Results show that sinewave speech precursors produce boundary shifts and that these effects don't depend on whether listeners report hearing them as speech or non-speech. In Experiment 4, I evaluate whether these sinewave effects are caused due to spectral contrast or gestural attunement by temporally inverting the first two formants of the contexts, while leaving F3 unaltered. Listeners fail to show boundary shifts despite the F3 region (critical from a spectral contrast perspective) being left unaltered. Finally in Experiment 5, I examine whether listeners' own coarticulatory actions cause boundary shifts, in an effort to examine how general. No effects of listeners' actions were detected. In conclusion, I suggest a careful understanding of the perceptual and motor state of the listeners is imperative for a complete understanding of speech perception. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A