ERIC Number: ED532366
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
War, Nation, Memory: International Perspectives on World War II in School History Textbooks. Research in Curriculum and Instruction
Crawford, Keith A., Ed.; Foster, Stuart J., Ed.
IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc.
The Second World War stands as the most devastating and destructive global conflict in human history. More than 60 nations representing 1.7 billion people or three quarters of the world's population were consumed by its horror. Not surprisingly, therefore, World War II stands as a landmark episode in history education throughout the world and its prominent place in school history textbooks is almost guaranteed. As this book demonstrates, however, the stories that nations choose to tell their young about World War II do not represent a universally accepted "truth" about events during the war. Rather, wartime narratives contained in school textbooks typically are selected to instil in the young a sense of national pride, common identify, and shared collective memory. To understand this process War, Nation, Memory describes and evaluates school history textbooks from many nations deeply affected by World War II including China, France, Germany, Japan, USA, and the United Kingdom. It critically examines the very different and complex perspectives offered in many nations and analyses the ways in which textbooks commonly serve as instruments of socialisation and, in some cases, propaganda. Above all, War, Nation, Memory demonstrates that far from containing "neutral" knowledge, history textbooks prove fascinating cultural artefacts consciously shaped and legitimated by powerful ideological, cultural, and sociopolitical forces dominant in the present.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Textbooks, War, Memory, History Instruction, Patriotism, Politics of Education, Political Socialization, Textbook Bias, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation, Asian History, European History, Modern History, United States History, World History, Ideology, Propaganda, Role of Education
IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc. P.O. Box 79049, Charlotte, NC 28271-7047. Tel: 704-752-9125; Fax: 704-752-9113; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.infoagepub.com
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; France; Germany; Japan; United Kingdom; United States