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ERIC Number: ED531711
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 30
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
The Role of Socioeconomic Status When Controlling for Academic Background in a Multinomial Logit Model of Six-Year College Outcomes
Stratton, Leslie S.; Wetzel, James N.
Association for Institutional Research (NJ1), Paper presented at the Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research (51st, Toronto, Ontario, May 21-25, 2011)
Socioeconomic status as measured by race, ethnicity, income, and parental education is highly associated with college degree receipt. It is difficult, however, to identify the separate effect of each of these measures given their substantial overlap, and it is difficult to statistically differentiate between the impact of academic background/ability and socioeconomic status as the former information is not always available. We use a national sample of first time undergraduates at 4 year institutions from the 1996-2001 Beginning Postsecondary Survey to shed light on these factors. As we observe that a substantial fraction (36%) of those who have not yet graduated are still actively enrolled at the six year mark, we examine not only graduation but also persistence, using a multinomial logit to model outcome. The results indicate that between 30 and 55% of the graduation rate differential observed for those from more disadvantaged backgrounds is attributable to differences in academic preparation/ability. Furthermore persistence and withdrawal represent statistically different outcomes. Hispanics appear on average to be less likely to have graduated after six years because they are substantially likely to still be enrolled, not because they are more likely to have given up. Conversely first generation college students appear to be at greater risk of dropping out. (Contains 4 tables and 2 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Institutional Research