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ERIC Number: ED531279
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 178
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1093-7205-2
Rhythms of Dialogue and Referential Activity: Implicit Process across Procedural and Verbal Realms
Ritter, Michael S.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Adelphi University, The Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies
This work examines the relationship between implicit procedural and implicit verbal processes as they occur in natural adult conversation. Theoretical insights and empirical findings are rooted in a move towards integration of Bucci's "Referential Activity" (RA) and "Multiple Code" perspectives and Beebe and Jaffe's "Dyadic Systems" and "Rhythms of Dialogue" models. Both traditions utilize microanalytic process measures applicable to naturalistic unstructured interactions including psychoanalysis. Beebe's perspective provides grounding in implicit procedural rhythm processes and Bucci's view provides grounding in the links across subsymbolic experience and language. An overview of both perspectives is provided in the context of a larger multidisciplinary review of implicit process, covering cognitive and social psychology, mirror neuron research, infant research, attachment, and recent psychoanalytic debates. Contemporary psychoanalytic debates often assume that language processes and implicit processes are independent modes, inherently emphasizing a polarity between consciousness and symbolization. This blurs the distinction between the implict-explicit spectrum of experience and the nonsymbolic-symbolic spectrum of experience. In contrast, building on Bucci's theory, this study introduces a model that includes eight overlapping processing modes across these intersecting dimensions. The importance of acknowledging the implicit verbal realm of experience in psychoanalysis is stressed. The empirical contribution applies DAAP (Bucci & Maskit, 2005) language measures and AVTA (Jaffe & Feldstein, 1970; Jaffe et al., 2001) vocal rhythm measures to 39 ten-minute adult conversations. Implicit procedural processes are measured through time series analysis of "switching pause" (SP), the degree of predictability of silence durations in the moments when speakers switch turns. Implicit language processes are measured through "WRAD" and "Ref/WRAD," gauging referential "connection" and "immersion" of speakers' language respectively. More optimal rhythm processes and more optimal language processes were predicted to flow together in the same conversations. As predicted, results demonstrate that (1) systematic associations between implicit procedural and implicit verbal processes do exist on a microanalytic, moment-to-moment basis; (2) enhanced language style is related to higher degrees of switching pause autocorrelation and more midrange degrees of switching pause cross-correlation; and (3) there are implicit differences in speakers' roles. Findings are discussed in the context of recent psychoanalytic critiques, integrations and future applications. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A