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ERIC Number: ED530924
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Mar
Pages: 58
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISBN: ISBN-0-7530-1857-8
ISSN: ISSN-2045-6557
From the Cradle to the Labour Market? The Effect of Birth Weight on Adult Outcomes. CEE DP 61
Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul; Salvanes, Kjell
Centre for the Economics of Education (NJ1)
Lower birth weight babies have worse outcomes, both short-run in terms of one year mortality rates and longer run in terms of educational attainment and earnings. However, recent research has called into question whether birth weight itself is important or whether it simply reflects other hard-to-measure characteristics. By applying within twin techniques using a unique dataset from Norway, we examine both short-run and long-run outcomes for the same cohorts. We find that birth weight does matter; very small short-run fixed effect estimates can be misleading because longer-run effects on outcomes such as height, IQ, earnings, and education are significant and similar in magnitude to OLS estimates. Our estimates suggest that eliminating birth weight differences between socio-economic groups would have sizeable effects on the later outcomes of children from poorer families. (Contains 12 figures, 12 tables, and 41 footnotes.) [This research was supported by the California Center for Population Research and the Norwegian Research Council.]
Centre for the Economics of Education. London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK. Tel: +44-20-7955-7673; Fax: +44-20-7955-7595; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation
Authoring Institution: London School of Economics & Political Science, Centre for the Economics of Education
Identifiers - Location: Norway